天天乐棋牌

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天天乐棋牌

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有机质、腐殖质、腐殖酸到底有啥区别99%的人都没搞明白!

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【摘要】:
土壤有机质究竟是什么?如果缺少了怎么补?很多人其实只知其一,不知其二,下面就为大家科普一下,一定要记住啦!一、土壤有机质是土壤肥力的基础,其主要功能表现在如下几个方面:1、保肥保水性,是水肥的载体。2、微生物的载体和能源。 3、促进土壤团粒结构的形成。二、土壤有机质是什么?土壤有机质就是土壤中来自生命体排泄物或尸体的有机物质。土壤有机质是一大类结构非常复杂的大分子物质。 土壤中,在微生物的“撮合”

土壤有机质究竟是什么?如果缺少了怎么补?很多人其实只知其一,不知其二,下面就为大家科普一下,一定要记住啦!

一、土壤有机质是土壤肥力的基础,其主要功能表现在如下几个方面:

1、BAOFEIBAOSHUIXING,SHISHUIFEIDEZAITI。

天天乐棋牌 2、WEISHENGWUDEZAITIHENENGYUAN。

 

天天乐棋牌 3、CUJINTURANGTUANLIJIEGOUDEXINGCHENG。

二、土壤有机质是什么?

TURANGYOUJIZHIJIUSHITURANGZHONGLAIZISHENGMINGTIPAIXIEWUHUOSHITIDEYOUJIWUZHI。TURANGYOUJIZHISHIYIDALEIJIEGOUFEICHANGFUZADEDAFENZIWUZHI。

 

TURANGZHONG,ZAIWEISHENGWUDE“CUOHE”XIA,HAIYOULINGWAIYIGESHENGHUAGUOCHENG,JIUSHIBAYIXIEXIAOFENZIDEYOUJIWUHECHENGWEIGENGWEIFUZADEDAFENZIYOUJIWUZHI---FUZHIZHI。YEJIUSHISUOWEIDEFUZHIHUAGUOCHENG。

 

FUZHIZHI,SHIYIDALEIHANTANDEDAFENZIYOUJIJUHEWU,FENZILIANGFEICHANGDA,JIEGOUYEHENFUZA。FUZHIZHISHITURANGZHONGDUIZHIWUSHENGZHANGYOUYIDEYOUJIZHI。KEXUEJIAMENLIYONGQINGYANGHUANAHESUANXINGWUZHIJINPAOCHULIFUZHIZHI,FENBIEDEDAOLETADEYIXIEFENZILIANGSHAOXIAOYIXIEDECHANWU:FUZHISUAN、HUANGFUSUAN、HEFUSUANHEHUMINSU。

 

腐殖酸是腐殖质中的主要成分。腐殖酸进一步酸化分解以后得到黄腐酸和褐腐酸。腐殖酸类物质广泛存在于地球表面的海洋、沼泽、泥炭、土壤和淡水水域中。

 

FENGHUAHEMEI,SHIQIJINWEIZHIFAXIANDEFUZHISUANHANLIANGZUIDUODEYIDALEIZIYUAN,KEDA70%。FENGHUAHEMEISHIZHIWUHEDONGWUCANTIZAIDIQIAOCHENJICENGZHONGJINGGUOJIQIANWANNIANDEZIRANFUZHIHUAHOUDECHANWU,MEIYOURANLIAOJIAZHI,DANQUESHISHANGJIADEFUZHISUANZIYUAN。

 

天天乐棋牌 JINGCESUAN,YOUDEFENGHUAHEMEIZHONGSUOHANFUZHISUANDESHENGWUHUOXING5BEIYUQITALAIYUANDEYOUJIFUZHISUANLEIWUZHI。ERYISHENGFUZHISUANNONGSUOYEXIANGDANGYU7-8DUNPUTONGYOUJIFEI。YIGONGJINFUZHISUANNONGSUOFENXIANGDANGYU30DUNDONGWUFENBIAN。ZHEIYEJIUSHIWEISHENMEJIAMEIJINLI、HONGLIXIAOGUOHAODEYUANYINLE。

三、黄腐酸、富里酸、腐殖酸、腐殖酸盐和腐殖质之间到底是什么关系呢?

 

FUZHISUANSHIFUZHIZHIDEZHUYAOCHENGFEN,QIEDADOUSHIHEYIXIEJINSHULIZIJIEHECHENGYANDEXINGSHIERCUNZAI,FUZHISUANYAN。HUANGFUSUANYEJIAOFULISUAN,SHIFUZHISUANZHONGFENZILIANGHENXIAODEYILEIYOUJISUAN。

 

HUANGFUSUANDEFENZILIANGHENXIAO,KEYIZHIJIEBEIZHIWUGENXIHUOTONGGUOQIKONGBEIYEPIANXISHOU,JINRUZHIWUTINEI。ZAIXIANJINDEXIFANGFADAGUOJIANONGYESHENGCHANZHONG,YEMIANFEISHIFOUHANYOUHUANGFUSUANSIHUCHENGLEYIGEBIAOZHUN。

四、有机质是大类概念,其中还有细分的分支。

天天乐棋牌 1、YUANSHITAI,BAOKUODANBAIZHI、ZHIFANG、DIANFEN、XIANWEISU、BANXIANWEISUHEMUZHISUDENG。

天天乐棋牌 2、BANZHUANHUATAI,JIYOUYIYUYUANSHITAIJIBENJIEGOUDEZHUANGTAI。

3、FUZHIZHITAI,JIJINGGUOWEISHENGWUDEZHUANHUABINGJINGGUOWULIDEHUAXUEDEZUOYONGSHENGCHENGDEJUYOUTURANGHUOXINGDEWUZHI,SUOWEIHUOXINGJIJUYOULIZIJIAOHUANXING、ZHANJIEXINGHEZHANZHEXINGDENG。

 

五、对植物直接起作用的是腐植质,前2项必须转化成腐植质才能被利用。

ZHEIZHONGZHUANHUAXUJINGGUOWEISHENGWUDEFENJIE,ZAIKUANGHUAHEFUZHIHUAGUOCHENGZHONGWEISHENGWUYAOXIAOHAODIAOYOUJIZHIZHONG50%-70%(AN60%JISUAN)DETANYUANSU。TANYUANSUZAIYOUJIZHIZHONGSUOZHANZHONGLIANGSHI55%-60%(SHIYANSHIZHONGJIANCEYIBANQU58%JISUAN)。YINCI,WEIJINGFUZHIHUADEYOUJIFEI,SHIDAODILIBEITURANGWEISHENGWUMANMANFENJIEZHUANHUAWEIFUZHIZHISUNSHIDETANYUANSUZHONGLIANGWEI58%x60%=34.8%,ZHEILIDETANYUANSUKESHIDANGQIANLIUXINGDETANFEIDEHEXINJIAZHIA。

 

六、所以同样是合格的有机肥中,有机质中腐植质所占比重就成了判定有机肥性价比的核心内容了。

MINJIANKEYONGJIANDANDEPAOSHUIFAPANDUANFUZHIHUADECHENGDU,RUGUOSHIDOUYOUSE(SHENZONGSE)ZEWEIFUZHIHUAHAO,YANSEYUESHENYUEHAO。

 

七、增加土壤有机质的主要方法

1、JIEGANHAITIAN

天天乐棋牌 2、SHENGCAOHEZHONGZHILVFEI

天天乐棋牌 3、SHIYONGFUSHUDENONGJIAFEI、YOUJIFEI

天天乐棋牌 YISHANGFANGFAZUIZHONGDOUSHIZENGJIATURANGDEFUZHIZHI,XIANGTONGZHONGLIANGDEYOUJIFEIQIYOUJIZHIZHUANGTAIBUTONGZEJUEDINGLEXIANGTURANGBUCHONGFUZHIZHIDEDUOSHAOYOUHENDAQUBIE。

 

八、怎样使土壤有机质增加1%?

天天乐棋牌 QISHITURANGYOUJIZHIZUIYUANSHIDELAIYUANSHIGUANGHEZUOYONG,QITAHUANJIEDOUSHIXINGTAIDEZHUANHUABINGCHANSHENGXIAOHAO,SHIJUEBUKENENGZENGJIADE,YINCI,BUGUANRUHESHUODETIANHUALUANZHUIYOUJIZHIBUHUIPINGKONGBIANCHULAI。

 

天天乐棋牌 ZIRANJIESHENGCAOYEHAOLUOYEYEHAO,QIWEITURANGYOUJIZHIDEGONGXIANMEINIANBUHUICHAOGUO0.1%,SUANSHANGTURANGWEISHENGWUDEXIAOHAOHEZHIWUDELIYONG,SHIJIZENGJIAZHIGENGXIAO。KAOLVDAODANGQIANPUBIANZENGSHIHUAFEIDEMOSHISHIZAILVEDUOYOUJIZHI,SHIJISHANGYOUJIZHIZAIZHUNIANJIANGDIDE。

 

天天乐棋牌 YINCI,ZUIZHIJIEKUAISUZENGJIAYOUJIZHIDEFANGFAJIUSHIZENGSHIYOUJIFEIHEFUSHUNONGJIAFEILE。RUHEZUODAOTONGGUOSHIYOUJIFEIRANGTURANGYOUJIZHIZENGJIA1%NI?

 

以腐熟农家肥为例:

SHEDINGGENGZUOCENGHOUDU0.2MI,TURANGRONGZHONG1.3,NEIMEYIMU(667PINGFANGMI)GENGCENGDEZHONGLIANGWEI667x0.2x1.3=173.42DUN。NONGJIAFEIZHONGYOUJIZHIYIBANBIAOZHUNWEI≥45%,YI50%JISUAN,ZEMEIMUTURANGYAOXIANGPINGJUNZENGJIA1%DEYOUJIZHIXUYAODESHIFEILIANGWEI173.42x1%÷50%=3.47DUN

 

天天乐棋牌 YOUCIKEZHI,ZENGJIATURANGYOUJIZHILAIBUDEBANDIANHUYOU,BUCUNZAISUOWEIGAOKEJISHIGEJIBAIJINYOUJIFEIJIUNENGTIGAOTURANGYOUJIZHI1%DEKENENG!